Critical Thoughts on Critical Race Theory

Before we delve into this, let me preface this with the following. My heritage is a tapestry woven with the strength and determination of my Black ancestors, who dared to dream of a life of freedom in the 1800s. They were men and women who embarked on a perilous journey via the Underground Railroad, seeking refuge from the brutal institution of slavery. Through whispers of hope and secret networks, they journeyed north, guided by the North Star, their dreams, and the promise of a new life.

Their destination was Canada, a beacon of hope for the oppressed. In the heart of Ontario, they found Hillsdale, a town that was to become their sanctuary and home. Here, they laid the foundations of our family homestead, carving out a piece of the world where they could live freely, cultivating the land, raising families, and nurturing a community. You can find more about all this here in summary as follows:

The blog post titled “The Story Behind a Familiar Community Name” is an exploration of the historical significance and origins of the community name, “Davenport.” The article’s main focus is the history of the Davenport family and their journey from the United States to Canada via the Underground Railroad.

The Davenports were Black settlers who came to Canada in the mid-19th century. Fleeing the bonds of slavery in the United States, they sought freedom and safety in a country that offered them protection. The Underground Railroad, a secret network of safe houses and routes, facilitated their journey.

Upon reaching Canada, the Davenports settled in a place known as Flos Township, which is now part of Springwater Township, Ontario. They were among the earliest Black settlers in the region, and their contribution to the community was significant.

The blog also notes that the family’s name, “Davenport,” has since been used in various contexts in the region, including a road name.

Expanding on this, it’s important to understand the broader context of Black immigration to Canada during the 19th century. The Underground Railroad was instrumental in helping thousands of enslaved people escape to free territories. Canada was often seen as the final destination because of the country’s anti-slavery stance. These brave individuals risked everything for the promise of freedom, and their stories are an integral part of both Canadian and American history.

The Davenports’ journey represents the experiences of many Black families during this time. They were pioneers in a new land, contributing to their community and shaping the cultural and social fabric of the region. Their legacy endures today, not just in the landmarks and places that bear their name, but in the spirit of resilience and freedom they embodied.

Local historical societies, libraries, and archives can be valuable resources for more detailed information about the Davenports and other Black settlers in Canada during the 19th century. They often have access to historical records, personal accounts, and other documents that can provide a more comprehensive understanding of this crucial historical period.

I hope this provides context and grounding to my opinions on Critical Race Theory.

The Concept

This needs to be unpacked and dissected so that you will see how incredibly wrong and destructive this theory is and the damage it has and continues to cause. The critical concept of unconscious bias, integral to the framework of Critical Race Theory, warrants meticulous scrutiny. A comprehensive analysis of this theory is pivotal to understanding its complex dynamics. It is essential to recognize and evaluate the substantial impacts it has had and continues to have, potentially leading to unintentional harm and perpetuating structural disparities.

Unconscious bias goes beyond simple prejudice and is a mental inclination adopted without sufficient evidence or reasonable justification and can lead to a biased perspective. Unconscious bias has a range of implications, be it positive or negative, that can originate from an individual, a group or even an institution. A stark example of such bias can be found in gender-based hiring practices. This touches on cognitive behaviour therapy, which you get exposed to for about $250 per hour.

Another statistic released, which again, does not include all the variables in a multi-variable construct, and that is according to a comprehensive study in 2020, 40% of organizations still favoured male candidates despite gender-inclusive policies already being in place. Additionally, if 500 people applied and 80 percent of the applicants were men, the odds have it a man will be selected more often, this is nothing to do with bias; this is the simple math of probability. Additionally, the issue here depends on the job; 40% that were qualified best happened to be men, which is a different set of optics all together. Since 97.8% of men work in the construction field. It’s evident from numerous studies that systemic bias infiltrates various aspects of our daily lives. For instance, one research study indicated that 72% of female candidates were asked questions during job interviews that potentially exhibited gender bias, a percentage that dropped significantly to 35% for male candidates. The implication is a possible unconscious preference for male applicants over their equally qualified female counterparts. But is this a bias or leaning to the most probable candidate based on the mathematical odds. 

However, like many others, this study needs comprehensive data elements for a robust analysis. Crucial information like the nature of ‘gender-biased’ questions, the specific fields or vocations for which the jobs were being interviewed and other contextual factors are not addressed. These missing data points render the study less robust in its conclusions, especially for those well-versed in analytical methodologies. It is vital to underscore the need for comprehensive, context-rich data to ensure studies truly capture the extent and nuances of systemic biases. Jordan Peterson suggests that disparities in certain high-paying jobs may not solely result from systemic bias but could be influenced by personal interest and choice. He also frequently points out that ensuring equality of opportunity does not always lead to equality of outcome, as individuals will make different choices based on their interests, skills, and life circumstances.

The study goes on now fueled with cherry-licked data points to say that it leads to the denial of access to resources, benefits and opportunities to individuals and communities based upon arbitrary characteristics and stereotypes; it is a concept that should be taken seriously.

Automatic Thoughts

This can be observed when looking at this scenario from a psychological standpoint. It has been observed that our behaviour is shaped by automatic thoughts – the immediate feelings, thoughts and beliefs that are determined by our core beliefs. That is why it is so important to take mental health issues, such as depression and anxiety, into account, as they expose underlying issues attached to core beliefs. These automatic thoughts can quickly form and lead to a cycle of destructive behaviour, resulting in a pattern of unattainable goals. Recognizing these automatic thoughts and helping to learn to cope with them is essential in order for someone to reduce the consequences of such thoughts and therefore seek relief from psychological struggles. Going deeper, a person’s poor behaviour, which is often a reflection of underlying and distorted core beliefs, can give insight into these influences on our views and ideas in the world. For example, someone who has grown up in an environment of discrimination is more likely to exhibit prejudicial behaviour due to past experiences and act out of unconscious bias. However, those with healthier core beliefs are far less likely to give into such racist or biased behaviour. Therefore, it is evident that the study of unconscious bias is one that should be further explored and its importance considered, in order to tackle the issue of its effects and to strive towards a more equal and just society.

Unmasking the True Nature of Biases: A Call to Action

Despite the widely accepted notion that people are often oblivious to the deep-rooted biases, attitudes, and beliefs that form their identity, research suggests the opposite is true. Rather than being unaware of their prejudices, many individuals are quite aware of the impact that their predispositions have on their lives. Studies show that controversial topics such as race, gender and religion, among others, are often met with an intense emotional response, indicating that people are very much in tune with their biases. This is supported by the fact that those with deeply entrenched convictions, passed down through multiple generations, can emphatically react to anything that may challenge those beliefs. This can be seen in the furore that often follows any attempt to interact with communities and cultures that have held their values since time immemorial. Such groups take great pride in their long-standing traditions, often fiercely protecting them in the face of continued hostility. This is because an individual’s beliefs become intertwined with their own sense of self, making it almost unthinkable to relinquish them. It is understandable, therefore, why so many people not only have an acute awareness of their biases but actively guard them as part of their identity. These deeply held convictions become lifelong companions that are incredibly difficult to part with. Such is the role that prejudices, stereotypes, and beliefs play in people’s lives.

Racism has long been a problem that has created divides and turbulence throughout societies across the globe. Most experts in this field agree that the primary source of racism and racist thinking is rooted in social influences. Put plainly, racism is learned often through the perpetuation of stereotypes, prejudices, and biases. These views become deeply embedded and drive many individuals’ actions, decisions, and attitudes. Oftentimes, these toxic ideologies are unconscious, complicating the prospective solutions needed to eradicate racism altogether.

This leaves open a crucial consideration: Can racism be potentially prevented if individuals are kept out of harm’s way of negative stereotypes or are made aware of their personal biases? If so, what external guidance or self-imposed filters can assist in curtailing the very creation of prejudiced values and behaviours or eradicate the problem entirely?

It is argued, for example, that consistent exposure to pro-social media, such as news, film, or television programs, with the presence of non-stereotyped ethnic figures, can help reduce unconscious biased attitudes towards people from other races. Consistently seeing people from different backgrounds as strong, influential, and respected gives individuals a platform to form positive, warm views about other ethnicities. Further, with access to resources that further our understanding of different cultures and how to constructively build relationships of mutual respect, most people can be equipped the necessary tools to tackle racism’s many forms.

In summary, by giving people the tools to be aware of their own biases and actively challenge their own prejudiced viewpoints, we may be able to prevent the accumulation of racism and, ultimately, challenge its iconic stronghold in our societies.

To fully comprehend and answer the pressing questions surrounding unconscious racial bias and its potential to be changed, real-world examples must be considered. A number of studies have assessed the potency of manipulating unconscious biases, and the conclusions have been promising. An example of a successful investigation can be seen in a research project that exposed its participants to an anecdote about an African American professional, highlighting the individual’s formidable qualities and notable achievements. This ultimately resulted in a decrease in the automatic racial bias of the individuals. Recognizing different angles and introducing distinct viewpoints ultimately permits individuals to form a more intricate and sophisticated comprehension and view of the subject, as well as heighten their thoughtfulness in regard to their own implicit biases.

The evidence points strongly toward the conclusion that each individual’s external environment plays a significant role in forming their beliefs and ideologies, including those which hold racist views. If individuals are not exposed to ideologies which promote racism, it is far less likely that they will come to hold such views. Indeed, extensive research into the topic has found that it is possible to reshape one’s unconscious racial biases through mindful and conscious endeavors to recognize these implicit biases and take deliberate steps to align one’s core values with those of a more inclusive and accepting nature.

While it may be impossible to eradicate racism completely, it is most certainly within our power and abilities to reduce its presence and mitigate its greatest adverse effects. By actively making the necessary effort to seek out and understand those perspectives which differ to our own, we can work to prevent the perpetuation of these thoughts and counteract the spread of racist ideologies. Additionally, it is necessary to educate individuals on the realities of racism, as well as positively reinforce the core values of inclusivity and acceptance, to ensure that fewer people come to internalize or draw upon these outdated and damaging ideologies in the future.

Labelling someone with unconscious bias or racism presents a series of ethical considerations, as making such grave claims should not be taken lightly. Therein lies the prevailing dilemma: are people genuinely guilty of such intentions, or have they been hastily categorized in view of collective judgments and questions of research-based evidence?

Unwarranted assumptions made in the absence of solid evidence, groupthink tendencies and contested scientific tools provide inadequate corroboration in determining one’s guilt in such matters. While these suggest potential implications, they do not carry sufficient weight to make an informed conclusion, leaving the issue identified unresolved.

It is worth noting that notions of racism and unconscious bias stem not only from personal prejudice, but systemic injustices — including oppressive cultural practices and public policies — that privileged members of society are often oblivious to. Case in point: with race-based disparities in criminal justice proceedings and indigenous rights in the United States, or access to healthcare and education in Vietnam, the burden of proving one’s innocence or guilt concerning racism or unconscious bias is woefully inadequate without cases from a place of understanding and acknowledgement of such issues.

Although judgments behind racism or unconscious bias are futile without a substantial factual base, a single instance alone should not be sufficient in equating a person as behaving consonantly with such views. Furthermore, basing assumptions on conjectures such as groupthink or disputed scientific tools may be more detrimental than helpful and ultimately impede opportunities of taking justifiable action that certify the validity of such claims.

In today’s climate, managing this discursive terrain’s highly charged and emotive complexities requires neither haste nor recklessness. Instead, informed decisions must be made with deliberation, paying close attention to essential data and sourcing this information from reputable and reliable sources. Should expert insights be necessary, seeking advice from individuals with specialist knowledge of the relevant field is essential. To imprudently and incompletely draw connections between certain factors, culminating in a judgement of unconscious prejudice or racism, is an act of carelessness that is not only unethical but thoroughly irresponsible and with the potential to yield dire repercussions.

It is critical to recognize that by neglecting to address instances of unconscious prejudice or racism, these disproportionate practices of injustice in society are allowed to continue. An example of this is when an individual within a company expresses racial or gender-based tones or sentiments that lead to an unpleasant atmosphere. If this is left unresolved, it can lead to destructive consequences. Not only could it result in the individuals exposed to this atmosphere feeling disadvantaged and vulnerable, but it could also make the firm or organization accountable to the public in general for not taking the necessary steps to effectively challenge this kind of bigotry and unfairness. Therefore, it is in the best interest of organizations to take positive steps to promote and sustain an egalitarian and accepting atmosphere in the workplace, in order to protect the well-being of their employees and maintain the integrity of their brand.

To conclude, we can be both thoughtful and purposeful when it comes to labeling someone with unconscious bias or racism yet remain steadfast in taking decisive steps to dismantle systemic racism and prejudice in our society. Being discerning when it comes to assessing the data and facts available to us, while also taking timely and effective action to concretely address the issue, are essential steps towards ensuring an equitable and just future.

This can be seen in the rapid uptake and formulation of specific policies to ensure educational equality in the United States during the civil rights movement. Through federal legislation like the 1964 Civil Rights Act as well as the establishment of community organizations such as the National Conference of Black Lawyers, a substantial impact was made in counteracting systemic institutionalized racism.

In sum, to foster an environment of inclusivity and fairness, we must take into account the nuances of bias and racism and be proactive and mindful in our decisions so that the future is open and equitable to all.

As an individual whose life is guided by evidence, fairness and equality, it’s been a priority to nurture and uphold my values. Evidenced by a self-observatory attitude and commitment to unbiased thinking, I’m adamant that I would never demonstrate any form of implicit bias setting back my sense of integrity. To ensure I’m behaving with impartiality, I frequently review social nuances and the stereotyping problem active in contemporary society. Most recently, I’ve been exploring Critical Race Theory and the controversy it incites – an in-depth examination of compelling yet divisive arguments. The obvious and hidden ramifications of issues attached to this movement have been the topic of much of my investigation. Broader research has revealed evidence of lingering prejudice in everyday life, highlighting the need for many of my core principles. Suffice it to say; this serves as a continual reminder of the continued journey to a fairer, more equal society for everyone of all backgrounds.

Questioning the Assumption of Universal Unconscious Bias

It is essential to examine the frequently held view that all individuals are prone to have unconscious bias. Such an assumption can be misguided and offensive, and to label someone as prejudicial merely based on their race is a form of discrimination. Sadly, many are unaware that such bias often arises as preconceived prejudices that provide a simplified but often inaccurate description of situations or occurrences. For example, unconscious bias can be observed in recruitment, even when recruiters try to be fair. They may unintentionally choose applicants who have attended the same university or possess certain physical traits. It is important to be aware of the influence of our unconscious attitudes when making decisions that will bring lasting consequences. By being conscious of our subconscious emotions and the impact of our decisions, we can ensure not to reproduce existing or possible prejudice.

Ultimately, we need to understand that unconscious bias has the potential to cause serious social issues and create an unfair environment. It is essential that special attention be given to tackling existing and budding bias and unfair treatment. For instance, businesses in the US have developed clear-cut rules and guidelines focused on countering unconscious bias for their hiring processes, as well as other spheres of activity. Additionally, many have reintroduced the practice of blind hiring, which is used to identify the best candidates without taking their background into consideration. These measures ensure that qualified individuals are given the opportunity to take on roles, thereby reinforcing social equity and inclusivity.

Critical Race Theory: An Incomplete Narrative

The rise of Critical Race Theory (CRT) to the forefront of public debate has created passionate and fervent controversy. And while the theory presents a unique and insightful examination of the complex power dynamics of race, it has, unfortunately, failed to substantiate its claims with reliable empirical evidence. At present, the vast majority of discourse relating to CRT lacks the necessary support from scientific research, instead relying on political and ideological perspectives. This deficiency has limited the potential of the theory and, importantly, hindered its validity as a scientific concept.

To illustrate the lack of sound empirical evidence for CRT, consider the work of Kimberlé Crenshaw, one of the foremost theorists of CRT. In her seminal article ‘Mapping the Margins’, Crenshaw examines the ways in which race and gender interact in discrimination cases. She argues that certain legal precedents and philosophies, such as formalism and liberalism, don’t fully capture the level of complexity and nuance associated with discrimination, instead treating race and gender as isolated entities. Here, Crenshaw introduces a powerful concept, yet fails to give due diligence to proving its validity through scientific research. This is undeniably true for many other CRT perspectives, as few comprehensive assessments exist.

Therefore, without reliable evidence to back up its claims, CRT exists in a precarious position. While social theorists continue to make persuasive and valuable points, they must be supplemented through empirical inquiry. This is the only way CRT can become a reliable, scientific proposition and reach its full potential.

Critical Race Theory is a powerful tool for exploring the intricate influences of race, class, and gender relations in society. While it is a valuable and meaningful framework, its advocates need to provide more than just ideological assumptions and anecdotal evidence to make their claims more reliable and influential. As race-based oppression is derived from a sophisticated system of dynamics and elements from various social sciences, further research is imperative for refining the Critical Race Theory for verification and quantifiable validation. These studies should be purposeful, striving to transform the framework into an empirical methodology, thereby allowing it to reach its full potential and have a meaningful effect on racial equity and justice issues.

For instance, efforts have already begun from Columbia University’s Institute for Research in African American Studies and other institutions to collaborate with scholars and practitioners, leveraging their various interdisciplinary expertise in law, literature, history, and other relevant fields to bring fresh perspectives to the CRT discourse. This approach has not only enriched the dialogue around racism, but also promised more impactful strategies and actionable measures toward racial justice in the world. Furthermore, researchers have also started to empirically assess the impact of the CRT framework by examining how it intertwines with other existing theories and its effectiveness at promoting diversity and inclusion in the criminal justice system.

In summary, advocating for the credibility and efficacy of Critical Race Theory requires more than abstract arguments and personal experiences. To truly bring about racial equity and justice, further research should be done to equip the theory better and render it more measurable and replicable. With science, data, and thorough analysis, it is hoped that the CRT framework can pave the way for more effective and equitable outcomes to long-standing racial prejudice, oppression, and social justice issues.

The Danger of Divisiveness

The notion that all human beings are created equal is one that is deeply ingrained in the American psyche. As a nation, we firmly believe that all citizens should have an equal opportunity to succeed and that success should not be determined solely by the color of their skin or the circumstances of their birth. Rather, we must evaluate individuals based on the strength of their character and accomplishments. Such a notion is intrinsic to the very spirit of our nation’s founding principles and enshrined in our constitution.

Though we as a nation may strive for fairness and equal opportunity for all, recent events have highlighted the insidious racial prejudice that remains in our society. People of colour in the United States are confronted with discrimination and bias in the form of unequal access to education and economic opportunity, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and underachievement which is often carried from generation to generation. This is evidenced by the egregious wealth gap between white Americans and their counterparts of other ethnic backgrounds, which continues to haunt our society today.

It is up to us to ensure that every individual is given the same chance to succeed, and is not judged based on their race or ethnicity. We must challenge our own innate biases and strive to support each other and appreciate our differences. Only then can we realize the ideals on which our nation was founded, that every person is created equal and should be judged equally.

The growing influence of Critical Race Theory in our society is a troubling sign that we are heading down a path of greater divisions between citizens. It is not just the media that is driving this concept; it is also being pushed and taught within educational institutions, the government, and other organizations. Sadly, this has led to an environment where instead of celebrating our differences, we instead assign collective blame and moral judgment to certain ethnic or racial groups. Unfortunately, this includes a generalization that all white people must bear the burden of historical racism. But this presupposition is misguided. While it is inarguable that past injustices must be faithfully remembered, we must also recognize individuals’ dynamic and diverse experiences within any given race or ethnicity. To imply that all of the people within any one group are the same completely fails to acknowledge the cultural and personal factors that put us all on our own unique paths. We must all strive to find common solutions to the difficulties of our present moment, while acknowledging and learning more about the multifaceted perspectives of our neighbors.

To create a cohesive and welcoming environment for all, we must prioritize tearing down the barriers of separation caused by certain prejudices based on race or class. This can only be achieved by unfastening the inequalities that divide us as a society and diminishing the feelings of blame and prejudice felt by many individuals, caused by racism and oppression. To achieve this, we must emphasize the importance of respecting the rights and perspectives of all individuals, no matter their race. Keeping up animosity towards those different from us will only lead to further harm and impede our progress.

It is essential to proactively seek out the means to erase any racial divides in our society. This involves taking part of initiatives and conversations which are centered around diversity, inclusion, and creating an equitable environment for all individuals. We must be willing to recognize our differences and strive to comprehend the significance of perceiving the world from different perspectives. Additionally, it is fundamental to be educated on the boundaries of our privilege and use our platform to advocate for representation and inclusivity.

To push for a united society, addressing injustice and demeaning attitudes and behaviour is paramount without resorting to generalizations and passing judgment based on one’s race or class. We must strive to have open dialogue and come to a mutual understanding in order to bridge the gap that is before us. To do this, we need to focus on equality and strive to provide a sense of security and quality of life which every individual can benefit from. Let us help each other to promote a healthy and unified existence, where everybody is celebrated and given a platform to make their voice heard.

Bob Woodson, a civil rights activist and the founder of the Woodson Center, has been a prominent voice in conservative circles, particularly on matters of race and poverty. His views, rooted in his experiences and principles, often challenge mainstream narratives about race and systemic racism. Here’s a summary of his key perspectives:

Individual Responsibility: Woodson strongly believes in the power of individual responsibility and self-determination. He argues that personal agency, not government intervention, is the key to overcoming poverty and societal disadvantages.

Community Solutions: Woodson emphasizes the importance of community-led, grassroots solutions to tackle social issues. His organization, the Woodson Center, supports local leaders and initiatives that aim to uplift communities from within.

Critique of Victimhood: Woodson criticizes what he perceives as a culture of victimhood perpetuated by discussions on systemic racism. He argues that framing Black people as victims disempowers them and perpetuates the cycle of poverty and disadvantage.

Race-Neutral Poverty: Woodson views poverty as a race-neutral issue. He argues that focusing on race distracts from the broader issue of poverty that affects people of all races.

Criticism of ‘Woke’ Culture: Woodson critiques the modern social justice movement, often referred to as ‘woke’ culture. He sees it as divisive and believes it perpetuates a narrative of Black victimhood, which he argues is harmful to Black communities.

1776 Unites: In response to The New York Times’ 1619 Project, which reframes American history around the consequences of slavery and contributions of Black Americans, Woodson launched “1776 Unites.” This initiative presents an alternative narrative that focuses on the resilience, capabilities, and contributions of Black Americans throughout history, rather than on their victimization.

Woodson’s views challenge traditional narratives about systemic racism and racial disparities. He encourages self-determination, resilience, and community-based solutions as the path forward. However, his views are not without controversy, as some argue they overlook the structural and institutional barriers that many people of color face in the United States.

Family Structure: Woodson has noted that even during the height of the Great Depression, the majority of Black families were two-parent households. He suggests that these strong familial structures contributed significantly to the resilience of Black communities during that challenging time. He argues that societal and cultural changes, not systemic racism, have led to the increase in single-parent households in Black communities today.

Community Safety: Woodson has also spoken about a time when safety was not a significant concern within Black communities. He recalls an era when elderly individuals could walk the streets at night without fear of violence from younger community members. He often contrasts this to the high levels of crime and violence in some Black communities today.

Woodson uses these points to argue that many of the issues facing Black communities today are not solely the result of systemic racism, but also due to changes in societal and community norms. He emphasizes the importance of returning to values of personal responsibility, community solidarity, and family structure as a means to address these issues.

Jordan Peterson

Jordan Peterson is a Canadian psychologist and professor of psychology at the University of Toronto. Known for his conservative views on cultural and political issues, Peterson has often expressed his criticisms of various forms of identity politics, including critical race theory.

As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, here is a summary of Peterson’s views on critical race theory:

Opposition to Group Identity Politics: Peterson generally opposes the central tenet of critical race theory, which considers race as a social construct used to oppress and exploit people of color. Peterson’s perspective emphasizes individual responsibility and individual identity over group identity.

Focus on Individualism: Peterson promotes individualism and argues that critical race theory, by emphasizing group identities, could lead to division and conflict. He sees this as a counterproductive approach to achieving societal harmony and progress.

Skepticism about Power Structures: Peterson is critical of the way critical race theory describes society as a complex network of power structures designed to perpetuate racial inequality. He believes this view oversimplifies the complexity of society and human relationships and can lead to resentment and social division.

Concerns about Freedom of Speech: Peterson has expressed concerns that critical race theory can suppress freedom of speech and intellectual diversity. He is known for his defense of free speech and his opposition to what he sees as compelled speech.

A Summary of Parent Concerns for School Children

Concerns about Divisiveness: Some parents argue that teaching CRT could cause division among students. They express worries that this theory might lead to an overemphasis on race and racial differences, possibly leading to more division than unity.

Doubts about Age Appropriateness: There’s also the argument that concepts central to CRT are too complex for young students. Some parents express the belief that discussions of systemic racism and privilege may be better suited for older students in a university setting, rather than in K-12 education.

Worries about Political Indoctrination: Critics also argue that CRT is a form of political indoctrination. They worry that it presents one perspective on race relations as fact, potentially stifling open discussion and differing viewpoints.

Opposition to Negative Framing of American History: Some parents contend that CRT offers a negative view of American history, focusing excessively on past injustices while undervaluing the progress that has been made. They often argue for a more balanced representation of American history.

Confusion over the Definition of CRT: Some of the debate stems from confusion or disagreement over what CRT actually is. Some critics define CRT broadly as any instruction about systemic racism or the history of racism, while others define it more narrowly as a specific academic framework developed in law schools in the 1980s.

Other Notables

These figures have diverse backgrounds, and their critiques of CRT can differ substantially. Some focus on its potential impact on education, others on its broader social implications, and others on its foundational premises.

John McWhorter: McWhorter is a linguist and associate professor of English and comparative literature at Columbia University. He’s spoken out against CRT in education, arguing that it can lead to a form of victimhood culture.

Glenn Loury: Loury is an economist and professor at Brown University. He’s critiqued CRT for its focus on systemic issues and group identities, arguing that it can detract from individual agency and responsibility.

Thomas Sowell: Sowell, an economist and senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, has long critiqued theories that highlight systemic racial issues, though his work predates the development of CRT.

Jordan Peterson: Peterson, a Canadian psychologist and professor of psychology, has spoken out against CRT, suggesting that it can oversimplify complex societal issues and undermine the focus on individual identity and responsibility.

James Lindsay: Lindsay, an American mathematician, author, and cultural critic, has criticized CRT for promoting division and an overly negative view of Western civilization.

Christopher Rufo: Rufo, a conservative activist, filmmaker, and writer, has been a prominent critic of CRT. He has worked on pushing legislation to ban CRT in schools and public institutions.

The Limits of Critical Race Theory

The notion that certain societal elements can essentially entrench existing racial inequalities and fortify extant power dynamics is a salient concept in Critical Race Theory (CRT). Scholars and activists engaging with CRT suggest that through the careful application of critical inquiry to the aforementioned ailments of stagnated societal progress; we can unearth the ways in which that perpetuating racism goes to further consolidate inequitable power structures.

In examining these systemic constructions, one can broach the connections between racism and other forms of oppression, with racism existing across these myriad systems as a unifying agent of inequality. Take for example the criminal justice system, which has been historically applied to mitigate the civil liberties of minority communities through the enforcement of disproportionate policing in the form of the War on Drugs and the dismantling of the civil rights era. This is evidenced in the disproportionate representation of Black American individuals in federal prisons, where they account for 40% of the population despite only representing 13% of the national demographic.

CRT posits the idea that the fostering of nascent, equitable society cannot truly occur unless we first recognize the insidious ways in which racism and other forms of discrimination are entwined within our various existing legal, political, and economic systems. Only then can we begin to properly address the power dynamics that facilitate the segregation and exploitation of minority groups. Only then will we begin to forge a brighter path in which equity, justice, and inclusion are the foundations of society.

Despite its increasing popularity, the application of Critical Race Theory has sparked much controversy and led to varied perspectives on the matter. Some argue that the theory’s inherent assumption of omnipresent racism, and its focus on group outcomes, overlooks individual agency, socio-economic factors, and other complex elements impacting social inequality. They suggest that we risk underestimating the full scope of race and history by taking a strict ideological framework and essentialist approach to racial and power dynamics.

A quick examination of Coretta Scott King’s groundbreaking civil rights activism serves as a salient example of this misstep. Although Mrs. Scott King was an influential leader in the civil rights movement and played an integral role in leading the nation to greater social justice, Critical Race Theory views her work and that of her peers only through the lens of race and fails to recognize the impact of other, equally-important power dynamics. Moreover, this same theory ignores the fact that Mrs. Scott King viewed her activism primarily through a faith-based perspective and sought change through religion-based initiatives, an element almost entirely ignored through Critical Race Theory.

Overall, we must take a careful look at Critical Race Theory and recognize the shortcomings that come with it. We must remain cognizant of the potential dangers of essentialism, ideology, and the limited scope that the theory provides. By doing so, we ensure that our understanding of the complexities of racism, race, and power dynamics is both accurate and holistic.

The validity of Critical Race Theory, which examines racial oppression and discrimination as an intertwined combination of structural and ideological postulates, has been subject to criticism in academia. Despite its claim of providing a critical review of racism and its impact on society, some scholars argue that the research methodology of Critical Race Theory, which relies largely on qualitative data and individual testimonies, constrains its ability to achieve empirical veracity. It’s suggested that a more holistic probing is needed to properly examine multiple angles, incorporate other theories, and contemplate aspects such as class differences, intersectional positions, and the role of culture.

In order to truly understand how racism materializes and persists within our society, Critical Race Theorists have to look beyond interviews and personal anecdotes, and link their investigations to larger, structural phenomenon. They have to consider elements such as historical backdrop, economic discrimination, employment disparity, or public policy. By factoring in these essential aspects, Critical Race Theory would be able to provide a broader, holistic perspective, enriching its scope of analysis and thus ensure more reliable and accurate outcomes.

One example of a comprehensive approach to Critical Race Theory is the Martínez-Fernández’s study published in the journal Ethnic & Racial Studies in 2020, which used a set of statistical methods to examine the prevalence of racial discrimination in the US. The authors used voting data from five crucial states in the 2020 US Presidential Election, namely Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin to study different voting patterns of different ethnicities, and thus gauge the prevalence of racial disparities in terms of political participation. By incorporating such a methodical and quantitative approach in the research of Critical Race Theory, Martínez-Fernández and her colleagues aimed to augment the rigour of conclusions drawn by such an analysis, by providing further objective evidence.

Thus, it is fair to suggest that Critical Race Theory should expand its scope and methodology in order to yield more empirical proof and applicable outcomes. To do so, Critical Race Scholars should strive to create a more balanced investigation that considers multiple views, other theories, and global perspectives. Through such a comprehensive approach, Critical Race Theory could easily secure its scientific reliability, and thus provide solid grounds for tangible social change.

Engaging in an intellectual and reflective discourse about Critical Race Theory is essential for properly comprehending its capabilities, constraints, and implications. Its application to our current socio-political environment provides us with an enlightening perspective that needs to be thoroughly discussed, allowing the different sides to be heard and weighed in. To this end, the application of multifaceted methodologies and the consideration of different perspectives can significantly facilitate a more enriched and holistic observation of the intricate operations of race, authorization, and social equity.

One such example of this discussion can be seen in the burgeoning usage of critical race conversation circles in the United States. These circles brought together academics, student activists, community leaders and citizens to discuss, deliberate, and share different understandings of CRT in an environment of collective learning and understanding. These dialogues are not only thought-provoking and dynamic, but have led to the cultivation of an inclusive and considerate exploration of the difficult subject matter, an exploration which could only have been fully realized with thorough consideration of different interpretations and methodologies.

Overall, Critical Race Theory is a useful tool for unravelling the complexities of contemporary identity and creates a space for greater inclusivity and equality. Despite its aptness, it is essential to recall the limitations of this theory in order to properly comprehend its capacity to work in harmony with existing systems. Through critical dialogue, a more comprehensive and well-rounded analysis of race, power, and justice can be achieved, aiding us in our mission to build a brighter and more equitable future.

The ongoing debate and critique surrounding Critical Race Theory (CRT) is essential to forming an informed opinion regarding this concept. While some argue that CRT offers rewarding insights into systemic racism and power dynamics, there are also those who have raised expressed concerns about its ideological foundations and potential shortcomings. For instance, some have expressed doubts about whether or not CRT can be applied in a way that takes into account the complexities of real-world racial situations. Additionally, CRT’s failure to address other forms of discrimination and power structures has been criticized. Furthermore, some have argued that CRT, which holds that racism is a structural and permanent feature of society, does not allow for complex understandings of racism, including individuals’ role in its promotion and perpetuation. Lastly, there have been criticisms of CRT’s definition of racism, which fails to explicitly account for things such as microaggressions, and its potential to provide more harm than good by further polarizing conversations. As such, it is important to take into consideration the multiple perspectives surrounding CRT before forming a conclusion. By examining contrasting evidence and considering different points of view, we can ensure that we are able to take an informed stance on this subject.

The concept of Critical Race Theory has been challenged by critics who point to its ideological roots in postmodernism, Marxism, and critical theory. This view of history has been accused of taking a one-sided approach to the complexities of race, power, and oppression and of disregarding individual circumstances, socio-economic variables and other mitigating factors. This can lead to a distorted perception of how systems of racism, prejudice and bias operate in real-world settings.

For example, a scholar in a 2020 study concluded that the CRT approach tended to simplify nuanced dynamics between social classes, races, and identities in the past and present. By focusing solely on the exploitation of racial minorities, the researcher argued that it failed to examine the complex chain of events which both enable and constrain human behavior.

In a 2016 study, researchers critiqued the CRT approach for relying too heavily on individual objects of analysis – such as race, gender and sexual orientation – without considering the broader perspective of context and its impact on those same objects. The proposed remedy was to reframe CRT to focus on society as a holistic entity, rather than on an isolated group or individual.

Despite criticisms of Critical Race Theory, proponents argue that it is an important tool for understanding power dynamics and racial disparities. By accounting for uncomfortable realities, it is argued that the approach forces individuals and groups to reckon with their involvement in systems that create, maintain and perpetuate racial injustice. It is further believed that, by doing so, it is possible to think more critically about the world and take meaningful action to bring about systemic change.

Critics of Critical Race Theory (CRT) challenge its essentialist view of race, stating that it fails to recognize the nuanced dynamics at play and overlooks that racial identity does not necessarily constitute the primary determinant of a person’s experiences, behaviour, and perspectives. By focusing on just one element, the theory oversimplifies the complexities of the lived experiences of diverse members of racial groups, and can potentially reinforce existing stereotypes and promote biases. Consequently, such a limited viewpoint fails to reflect reality, as a person’s thoughts and actions are usually shaped by a vast network of factors in addition to their racial identity, such as social class, gender identity, sexual orientation, birthplace, education, and privilege.

For instance, the reality of life in low-income African-American neighborhoods is much more diverse, wherein individuals face disadvantages based on predetermined racial identity as well as varying levels of poverty, lack of education and resources, and unequal access to employment opportunities. This presents a complex mix of intersecting issues, which implies that a simple essentialist approach to understanding race as the sole determinant fails to capture the reality of the situation. To make matters worse, it can advance false ideas, encouraging individuals to make determinations based on preconceived stereotypes and individual assumptions.

By overemphasizing one factor, CRT doesn’t do justice to the complexity of different racial identities and experiences. A more effective and appropriate line of inquiry would be one that recognizes the reality of diversity and explores an intersectional approach that accounts for a range of intersecting factors.

Confirmation bias is a concept that has been widely discussed among scholars, particularly about Critical Race Theory (CRT). The concern is that when studying social issues, those engaging in this analysis may find themselves falling into a pattern of selectively confirming their preconceived notions, rather than objectively examining the evidence as it currently exists. This type of bias has been detected in many areas, including the evaluation of scientific and historical research and the interpretation of political or economic theories. For example, when considering a particular economic system, individuals may be quick to focus on the factors that support their pre-existing perspective, disregarding the possibility of other valid possibilities. The same could be said for a historical event: Those who support a certain viewpoint are likely to interpret the available evidence in a way that supports their opinion, making it difficult to arrive at a holistic understanding of the issue. Ultimately, when engaging in Critical Race Theory, it is essential to remain aware of the potential for overlooking evidence that goes against one’s existing beliefs in order to assess social issues and arrive at valid conclusions more accurately.

Critics of Critical Race Theory (CRT) cite a lack of empirical rigor in the evidence underlying the theory, arguing that anecdotal evidence, personal experience, and qualitative research methods are preferred by CRT proponents over rigorous quantitative methods. Consequently, the scientific validity of the theory is questioned and subject to debate.

Empirical rigor is essential for developing and applying a theory, making quantitative research a key element of the scientific process. The use of quantifiable data helps determine the causal relationships between variables and accurately test the validity of the reasoning behind these links.

In contrast to the quantitative approach, qualitative research relies exclusively on observations, listening, and communication. This type of research often takes a narrative form that can be self-reported by specifically chosen study participants. Although qualitative research can provide valuable insights, there is risk that confounding narrative elements can taint the research interpretation and skew its validity.

Moreover, anecdotal evidence is based on individual experiences and can be highly subjective, providing data that lacks generalizability or can be difficult to verify. For CRT, anecdotal evidence may provide specific examples to support its claims, yet it does little to establish the necessary empirical foundation for the theory.

In the present debate, the two kinds of research are pitted against each other with one deemed ethical and impractical and the other denounced as ill-suited and inconclusive. Despite their opposing positions, proponents agree that CRT’s empirical foundation should be strengthened by more rigorous data collection and increased emphasis on quantitative research. To this end, a deeper investigation into the complexities of the theory with a focus on proving empirical truth is needed to further legitimize the theory and increase its validity.

Critical Race Theory (CRT) is a prominent new approach in the social sciences and humanities paradigm, which puts substantial emphasis on collective outcomes and the inequitable outcomes that often result from existing disparities in society. Supporters of this approach argue that it is necessary in order to bring attention to the collective injustices and oppression experienced by people of color and other marginalized communities, amplifying voices that are too often silenced in broader societal discourse.

However, this focus on collective outcomes and disparities has been critiqued for the potential of causing injustices to individuals, particularly with regard to issues such as ‘reverse discrimination’ or the ignoring of individual needs within certain racial or ethnic groupings. For example, in the workplace, there can be potential issues with prioritizing group outcomes over individual merit in terms of hiring, promotion, and other workplace dynamics. By focusing on collective rights and outcomes, there can be a tendency to overlook or unfairly prioritize members of a certain group, leading to potential problems of discrimination or overlooking the needs of certain individuals.

CRT can thus be a powerful intellectual tool for raising collective consciousness of race and racism, but it is important to be mindful of the potential risks of prioritizing group outcomes over the needs and merit of the individual. It is crucial to ensure that in attempting to bring attention to the collective issues that minority communities face, individuals’ rights and merit are not overlooked or undermined.

Failing to investigate problems of inequality and social oppression through an intersectional lens can lead to a limited, one-dimensional understanding of these complex issues. The intersectional theory incorporates numerous identity markers, such as gender, class, race, and ethnicity, to build a holistic model explaining how individuals and communities experience disparities. By applying the principles of intersectionality, researchers and activists gain a better appreciation for the layers of oppression some people face. For instance, a female African American college student may experience poor job prospects due to gender and race. Without recognizing these dual facets of her identity, her unique experiences of discrimination may be overlooked.

Class analysis, too, offers an important perspective for deepening our understanding of inequality. This approach explores the effects of economic disparities on people’s lives and helps us to uncover the cause of various forms of oppression. It’s no coincidence that poverty rates among African-American families are much higher than those of white families or that women are consistently paid less than men for similar work. Examining the economic forces that produce these disparities is necessary for designing policies and initiatives to counteract them.

Finally, looking at relevant culture-based aspects can be integral to developing a comprehensive understanding of social dynamics. Historical, traditional, and familial views of gender, race, and class can shape individuals’ access to resources, power, and opportunity, even when they lack access to education or financial capital. For example, indigenous women in the United States are more likely to be victims of violence and less likely to report it due to social norms that keep them from speaking out. Examining cultural factors can enable us to identify and address oppression sources outside of formal governmental structures.

Considering intersectionality, class analysis, and cultural factors can lead to more informed, effective solutions for addressing complex inequality and social oppression issues. In realizing the interconnectedness of multiple identity elements that inform each individual’s experience, we can start to unravel centuries of entrenched injustice.

Continued academic discourse and critical analysis of Critical Race Theory (CRT) are beneficial to understand the nuances of this popular theory better. Not only can engaging in dialogue that examines various perspectives of the theory lead to deeper comprehension for all those involved, but it is also an opportunity for true learning and growth. Numerous experts and academics hold varying opinions on CRT and its implications, such as the similarity between Critical Race Theory and postmodern thought or the counterintuitive idea suggested by the theory that racism not only endures but persists even in a seemingly post-racist era. Consequently, it is essential to approach CRT and its accompanying discussions in a balanced, unbiased, and open frame of mind. Suppose we can strive to embrace these conversations without the fear of judgement or a closed-minded attitude. In that case, we will be able to contribute to an understanding of the underlying complexities of CRT that otherwise would be missed or disregarded. Real-world examples of these debates can be seen in the recent forum about Critical Race Theory’s implication for college campuses between Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsuch and Ruth Bader Ginsburg of the US Supreme Court. It is obvious that engaging in these meaningful and thought-provoking conversations is necessary in order to expand our knowledge and achieve a more comprehensive understanding of the theory as a whole.

The transatlantic slave trade was a heinous crime that spanned centuries and perpetrated extraordinary levels of suffering on African people and their descendants. Yet, it is an unfortunate reality that, during this period, some people of African descent were involved in the trade as intermediaries, slave catchers, or even slave owners. To ignore or deny this fact is to avoid recognizing the diversity of experiences and agents who were part of the slave trade.

From Pierre Bélain d’Ésnambuc, a French colonial trader who helped found the first French colony in the Caribbean in the 17th century, to Robert Wedderburn, a London-born man of Afro-Jamaican descent who used wealth obtained in the transatlantic slave trade to fund the British abolitionist movement, the history of slavery in the Americas is far from monolithic. As the conversations around understanding and contextualizing the period evolve, it is ever-important to acknowledge the active role of African people on both ends of the spectrum; their heroic resistance as well as their ethical compromises.

Therefore, we as a society must not shy away from the difficult truth that members of the African diaspora participated in the transatlantic slave trade in multitudinous ways, in addition to experiencing it both directly and indirectly. To recognize the complexity of human history is to better comprehend and grapple with the legacy of this period of enslavement, enabling us to continue to push towards a better, more comprehensive future.

It is significant to note that some Africans played a part in the capture and sale of slaves; however, it is unmistakably the European powers and their colonies in the Americas who perpetuated and enriched the abominable practice of slavery. The unsavoury phenomena of the transatlantic slave trade was exclusively the achievement of European nations, who developed arrangements of slavery to further their interests and fortunes, using African labour, all whilst dehumanizing countless enslaved Africans.

The abhorrent legacy of European involvement in the slave trade is especially evident in its profitability. Many European nations that took part in the trade had immense economic success, with some historians referring to the transatlantic slave trade as ‘the most profitable business of the 18th century’. The merchants and traders of countries such as England, Portugal, France, Netherlands and Spain, made tremendous fortunes from the sale of African people. In many parts of the world today, it is not uncommon to see the impact of colonialism and slave ownership, both in the wealth of cultural institutions such as churches and universities funded by the money made from the slave trade, and the mono-industrial societies supported by the upper classes of individuals who had profited off of slavery.

The chief responsibility, then, lies squarely with the European powers and their colonies for the institution of slavery. Centuries of economic, physical and spiritual exploitation was occasioned to African people, all to further the interests of a few powerful and wealthy Europeans seeking to exert dominance and control over their colonies. Knowing this, it remains our duty to remember the suffering of Africans during this period, and educate ourselves and our communities about the inimitable history of African people and their relationship to the slave trade.

The history of slavery is incredibly complex and difficult to reduce to a merely black and white, oppressor and oppressed narrative. To do so would be to minimize and marginalize the experience of those affected by the severity of the institution. Slavery was more than just a two-sided system; it was a hierarchal structure layered with multiple participants from diverse backgrounds, such as Africans, Europeans, and Americans.

The contributions of African individuals and nations to the world of enslavement are often overlooked and forgotten amongst the popularized enslavement stories of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. In many African societies, slavery had long been an established practice – ethnographic evidence suggests it since before the seventh century. Throughout history, Africans bought, sold, and traded with other Africans, Europeans, and Americans, offering an array of goods, including captives from warfare and criminals.

In Europe, by the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, slavery had become a focal point of economic interest, leading to an intensification of the slave trade. Trading posts, supported by organized mercantile networks, largely united Europe and Africa in a common interest to profit from the buying and selling of human cargo.

In America, the use of African slaves dates back to colonial times. As the demands on the colonial economy grew increasingly, the number of enslaved Africans were brought to the Americas to meet this demand more than could be satisfied by enslaved populations of indigenous peoples.

The complexities of slavery, then, inextricably entangled the experiences of Africans, Europeans, and Americans in this institution. Acknowledging this is absolutely essential if we are to gain an accurate understanding of the history of slavery and further unpack the extent of its impact on the aforementioned populations.

It is essential to pay tribute to the individuals from a range of racial backgrounds who committed themselves to the cause of ending slavery. From Harriet Tubman to William Lloyd Garrison, countless individuals of different shades and backgrounds have made tremendous efforts over history to battle this heinous injustice. Their vital contributions to advancing human rights and justice through the abolition of slavery should be appreciated, saluted, and preserved as part of the larger push for making this malady a thing of the past. It is vital for us to remember that these brave individuals risked their lives and their livelihoods to free slaves, recognizing the common humanity of all, despite the greedy legacy of slave owners and their apathy toward the well-being of enslaved individuals. That White allies have also spoken against slavery and provided physical, financial, and spiritual support must not be forgotten when celebrating the broad movement dismantling this evil institution.

It is only when we recognize and understand the myriad of complexities that comprise our history – including the active involvement of individuals of African descent who were engaged in the slave trade, along with those of Caucasian descent who bravely sought to abolish it – that we can start to gain meaningful insight into the past. We can then work towards a more optimistic future in which all members of society are offered justice, reconciliation, and equality.

In the United States, for example, we must understand the pervasiveness of racism and oppression throughout history, even centuries after the Emancipation Proclamation. This in turn allows us to better recognize and appreciate the courage of those white pioneers that fought for the civil rights of African Americans; from Sojourner Truth to Martin Luther King Jr., there have been powerful figures across the generations whose advocacy and leadership has helped bring us closer to equality and justice.

We can also acknowledge those who actively contributed to the slave trade, and while it may be difficult to comprehend why this atrocity was so commonplace in past centuries, understanding this part of history is key for reconciling our differences. We must be willing to have open, honest conversations about the trials and tribulations of the African experience, of which slavery was an integral part, and in turn strive towards a fair and equitable society for all.

Today’s educational programs empower individuals with the knowledge and skills needed to succeed, regardless of their background or circumstances. These programs focus on teaching critical thinking, problem-solving, and resilience, equipping individuals to navigate and overcome obstacles.

In the workplace, instead of focusing solely on unconscious bias training, organizations should promote and investment in leadership development and mentorship programs. These initiatives could help individuals from diverse backgrounds to develop the skills and networks needed to advance in their careers.

At the societal level, public discourse could shift from highlighting disparities and injustices to celebrating success stories and examples of individuals who have overcome adversity through good choices and hard work. This could help to inspire and motivate others, showing that success is possible despite the challenges.

This approach would not ignore or deny the existence of systemic racism or unconscious bias. Instead, it would complement efforts to address these issues by empowering individuals to succeed despite them. It would promote a narrative of resilience and achievement, rather than victimhood, while still acknowledging and addressing the systemic barriers that exist.

The reality is, the “game” of success has been at times labeled the “white man’s game” and for a black man to play that game and win is sometimes ridiculed and called an “Uncle Tom.” Even if it were somehow, a white man’s game, we have all heard the motto “beat them at their own game.” There are many examples of black men and women who have become highly successful, smart, and hard-working, yet they do not get the adulation they so truly deserve. Perhaps a shift from idolizing those few who can get more baskets, to admiring the black equivalent to the Elon Musk’s of the world, okay, perhaps there is only one of those, but you get my point.

There are countless examples of individuals from minority backgrounds who have overcome significant challenges to achieve great success. These individuals serve as powerful role models and demonstrate the potential for success, regardless of one’s background or circumstances.

Oprah Winfrey: Born into poverty in rural Mississippi, Winfrey faced numerous challenges in her early life. Despite these obstacles, she went on to become a media mogul, philanthropist, and one of the most influential women in the world.

Barack Obama: Raised by a single mother and his grandparents, Obama faced challenges related to his mixed-race heritage and modest upbringing. He went on to become a Harvard Law School graduate, a U.S. Senator, and the first African-American President of the United States.

Sonia Sotomayor: Born to Puerto Rican parents in the Bronx, New York, Sotomayor was diagnosed with diabetes at a young age and lost her father when she was just nine years old. Despite these challenges, she excelled academically and went on to become the first Latina Supreme Court Justice in U.S. history.

Satya Nadella: Born and raised in India, Nadella moved to the U.S. to pursue his higher education. He faced the challenges of adjusting to a new culture and navigating the tech industry as an immigrant. Despite these hurdles, he became the CEO of Microsoft, one of the world’s leading tech companies.

Mae Jemison: As a young African-American girl growing up in the 1960s, Jemison faced the dual challenges of racial and gender discrimination. Despite these obstacles, she pursued her passion for science and became the first African-American woman to travel in space.

These examples illustrate the power of resilience, hard work, and good choices. They show that success is possible, regardless of one’s background or the challenges one faces. They also underscore the importance of providing opportunities and resources for all individuals to reach their full potential.

“We must strive to prevent politicians from using the narrative of victimhood, particularly among black communities, as a tool for political gain and agenda-setting. Yes, elements of racism and favoritism persist, but let me assure you, they falter in the face of unwavering will and determination.

I stand before you as a testament to this truth. I didn’t have the privilege of a high school diploma. Many predicted a future devoid of success for me, and for a time, I almost believed them. I found myself working in less than ideal conditions, surrounded by individuals who had chosen the wrong path. But I refused to accept the role of a victim.

With no financial support, I embarked on a journey of self-education. My bed became an island in a sea of books, volumes on Unix programming, leadership, and sales techniques piled high. I read when I should have been sleeping, my thirst for knowledge insatiable.

I secured a position at Radio Shack, where I became a sponge, absorbing knowledge at every opportunity. I dedicated 60 to 70 hours a week to self-improvement, viewing myself as my own business.

It took decades, but eventually, I could proudly say that I had built a successful life. As a young man, I was labeled as “challenged,” a label that, in my view, overshadows any skin color. Later in life, I discovered that I had ADHD and other mental tendencies. Once I learned to harness these, they became my strengths.

Today, I am a respected professional, a well-compensated individual, an author of several books, a researcher, and a critic of Critical Race Theory. My deepest desire is to inspire others to rise above their circumstances, channel their frustrations into motivation, and relentlessly drive themselves forward. Remember, your past does not define you, your determination does.

In today’s world of AI technology that is unlike anything we have ever seen before, how many of you who are a minority have heard of these names:

Rediet Abebe: A Junior Fellow at the Harvard Society of Fellows, Abebe uses AI and algorithms to understand and tackle societal problems. She co-founded Black in AI, an organization encouraging people of African descent to pursue careers in AI.

Neil DeGrasse Tyson: Featured on the Joe Rogan Podcast numerous times which I find incredibly Elon Musk-like, described as an American astrophysicist, author, and science communicator. Tyson studied at Harvard University, the University of Texas at Austin, and Columbia University. From 1991 to 1994, he was a postdoctoral research associate at Princeton University

Latanya Sweeney: A Professor of Government and Technology in Residence at Harvard University, Sweeney’s work in data privacy and security, algorithmic bias, and technology policy is well recognized. She was also the first Black woman to earn a Ph.D. in Computer Science from MIT.

Ayanna Howard: An engineer, roboticist, and the Dean of the College of Engineering at Ohio State University. Howard’s work often focuses on intelligent technologies that must adapt to and function within a human-centered world.

Numerous individuals from minority backgrounds have made significant contributions to the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI). These talented professionals continue to break barriers, drive innovation, and inspire future generations. It’s essential to recognize and respect these individuals, just as we do for figures like Elon Musk, for they are reshaping the world as we know it. Their achievements are truly remarkable, and they serve as role models worth emulating.

However, it’s crucial to understand that greatness and success can have different definitions and goal lines. The likelihood of becoming a successful individual in your own right is exponentially higher than becoming the next Michael Jordan or another one-in-a-billion figure. Idolizing these extraordinary individuals can be inspiring, but when it comes to your journey, remember to define your own success.

Strive for greatness, but remember that success is not always about reaching the pinnacle that few can attain. It’s about making the most of your abilities, contributing to your field, and making a difference in your own unique way. In the game of life, remember who you are and who you’re playing with.The more we acknowledge the complexity of our history – its injustices and its advancements – the better equipped we are to move forward into the future and to ensure that all members of society are offered justice, reconciliation, and equality. This kind of understanding of our past, and its associated healing, can lead us to a better and brighter tomorrow.

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